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  1. How the EU Shapes Civil Society Organizations
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The SPO will play a leadership, support and problem solving role with member institutions, partners, senior officials, funding agencies and staff. Senior Program Officer. Develop and manage a large number of complex inter-related Canadian and Caribbean institutional partnerships and coordinate the work flow associated with assigned tasks, in particular provide guidance, planning and operational support to member institutions, CIDA, associated staff and consultants.

Participate in the development and drafting of annual work plans, budgets, analytical reports, handbooks, training manuals, workshop materials and other documents with the Senior Technical Advisors and Canadian college partners. Develop and implement various tools to be used by Canadian member institutions. Support the development and lead the use of the regional vocational technical information system VTIS. Develop and monitor budgets and financial reports. Coordinate study tours and the recruitment of consultants.

Assist in the development of selection, orientation, monitoring and evaluation processes. Prepare consultant contracts. Conduct research, including obtaining information, searching records, briefs and presentations. Support the development of programs using competency based approaches. Participate in the development and implementation of policies, procedures and strategies. Write proposals and concept papers that are complementary to C-EFE.

Maintain contact with funders, embassies, related government sectors in Canada and overseas partners. Promote and market the role and expertise of the membership and of ACCC, and the opportunities for member participation in various phases of programs. Assist in the development of strategies leading to co-funding for new projects.

Perform other related duties as may be assigned. Written questions by Members of the European Parliament and their answers given by a European Union institution. OJ C , Subject: Discharge of industrial waste at the foot of Mount Olympus. Subject: Environmental damage caused by the dumping of industrial waste in Litochoro.

Subject: European Development Fund and Madagascar. Subject: Foreign policy in the field of aviation: the market. Subject: Surveillance of telephone services within the institutions. Subject: The Commission must stop piling the pressure on European poultry farmers. Subject: Worsening economic situation in Cyprus. Subject: A state deposit guarantee of all deposits in Cyprus. Subject: Principle of proportionality as regards the European arrest warrant.

Tsoukalas to the Commission. Subject: Loss of competitiveness in Greece due to rising energy costs. Subject: European legislation and ownership of state organisations. Subject: Calculation of the default rate in the banking sector. Subject: Small scale coastal fishing — closed seasons. Subject: Commission's choice of economic models.

Subject: Greek public service restructuring through the recruitment of successful candidates from previous competitions based on merit. Subject: Alzheimer's disease — genetically determined. Subject: Yet another attack against Christians in Nigeria. Subject: Creation of a Sharia court in Antwerp to rule on family law disputes: possible violation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights. Subject: Toxic Chinese pencils threatening the health of EU citizens.

Subject: Further compulsory levies on Europeans' bank accounts. Subject: Extra-virgin olive oil made in Italy: one bottle in five fake. Subject: Observatory on Christianophobia in Europe. Subject: Blasphemy law used to target Christians in Pakistan. Subject: Increased Islamic radicalism among European citizens. Subject: Problematic developments in the area of antibiotics resistance. Subject: Availability of alternative medicine pharmaceutical products.

Subject: Development of petrol hybrid engines — environmental aspects. Subject: Child prostitution and criminal organisations. Subject: European support for Turkish Cypriots. Subject: Turkey's attitude to the resumption of negotiations over Cyprus. Subject: Illegal Turkish research vessel in the free area of Famagusta.

Subject: New Turkish challenge to Cypriot sovereignty. Subject: Usefulness of traditional varieties of vine in adapting to climate change. Subject: Use of hexafluorosilicic acid for water fluoridation in Ireland. Subject: Commission anticipates return to growth for Cyprus in Subject: Loss of confidence in national authorities as a result of the economic crisis.

Subject: Ritual slaughter procedures and public hygiene. Subject: Assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects. Subject: Recycling system in Greece — Commission investigation of blue bins. Subject: Common agricultural policy measures for small farmers. Subject: EU immigration policies in breach of human rights. Subject: Results of a survey on participation in cultural life in the EU. Subject: Marketing of Chinese products that are hazardous to health. Subject: Compensation to support European citizens caught up in terrorist attacks and the relatives of the victims of terrorism.

Subject: Attacks by foreign armed Jihadist groups north of Damascus. Subject: Hoppe case: redundancies and relocation to the Czech Republic. Subject: Ingredients of non-prescription medication. Subject: Appropriate dissemination of policy on cookies. Subject: EU re-opens accession talks with Turkey. Subject: Decision to close the Viana do Castelo Shipyard. Subject: Conclusion of contracts under the budgetary period. Subject: Lindane in Oiola and the response from the Bizkaia authorities. Subject: Funding for the relocation of production. Subject: Limits on the amount of coins that can be used in a single transaction.

At the Gournes Xyrokambi quarry situated in Litochoro Pieria at the foot of Mount Olympus 82, tonnes of waste from the manufacture of electrolytic manganese dioxide EMB used to make batteries are in the process of being discharged as part of a site restoral project, resulting in the danger of environmental pollution and contamination of groundwater with toxic effluent.

Finally, the discharge of this waste was decided on without taking account of the geomorphological properties of the quarry or the conditions under which this material is dangerous or not. Will it seek explanations from the Greek authorities concerning the environmental impact assessment, consultation and authorisation procedures in this connection?

Earlier studies carried out by the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki described the waste as potentially hazardous. Current needs require that the State be solely responsible for the zoning and management of waste and industrial waste and proceed, in cooperation with the Local Government, with planning their management without reference to public private partnerships, business activity and fees or dues, as provided for in EU legislation.

The Commission is not aware of the case mentioned by the Honourable Member and will request further information from the Greek authorities on the issues raised. Decisions about the location of landfills are taken by the competent authorities in Member States. According to these requirements, establishing whether the waste in question can be landfilled at the given landfill shall be done by permitting authority, while verification of acceptance criteria when waste are delivered to landfill shall be done by landfill operator.

On the basis of the documents received from Greek authorities the landfill permit meets the requirements of abovementioned legislation. In France, compulsory voluntary levies CVOs are levies imposed on all agricultural stakeholders producers, processors, traders by inter-trade organisations representing individual sectors on the basis of a supposedly common interest. This particular practice is the result of an application for approval submitted by the most representative unions to the public authorities at the end of the s, which saw agricultural operators relinquish their freedom of association.

They have therefore come to play a significant role. There is no guarantee whatsoever that these organisations are democratic, since there are no forms of organised representation and those paying the levies have no right of scrutiny over the decisions taken. Consequently, some producers have refused to pay these levies and been taken to court for decades. Will it also specify what categories the firearms stolen from these people belong to? Serious human rights abuses. It is the result of a research mission carried out in May and June in the country. They continue to violate human rights with apparently no fear of being held accountable.

The research mission documented dozens of cases of detainees being tortured or ill-treated after being arrested for having alleged links with armed groups. The organisation also documented more than twenty cases of extrajudicial executions or enforced disappearances. For the most part, they are women and children. In the light of these appalling statistics one in five Mauritanians is a slave , does the Commission intend to make representations to the Mauritanian authorities?

National or regional health policy frameworks will be examined as one of the ex-ante conditionalities. Measures aiming to reinforce the prevention and treatment of breast cancer according to the needs assessment should be included in the health policy framework, and it should have a clear link to the ESI Funds programmes. Member States are invited to allocate ERDF for health infrastructure, developing more efficient, affordable and accessible health services. Based on the identified needs, Member States may specify actions e.

What steps has the Commission taken to encourage the Member States to use the ERDF to create healthcare infrastructure, including breast cancer screening programmes and the setting-up of specialised oncology units throughout Europe? Since aid to Madagascar has been suspended for four years due to political instability and the failure to complete the roadmap, can the Commission envisage increasing the EDF budget for humanitarian assistance so that, pending the next elections, this assistance can be used by NGOs for the sole benefit of the people of Madagascar which is bearing the brunt of the current political situation?

Does the Commission intend, as Parliament has suggested, to carry out a study on the differences between Member States in terms of fees, customs duties, levies and taxes? Does it intend to draw up a report on the impact of these differences on ticket prices and airline profits, and to take stock of the state aid that competitors would have received at global level? Elles brisent des vies et rendent vaines les politiques d'inclusion des Roms. Amnesty International has published a report entitled Five stories of Roma — forced evictions in Romania, which describes the experiences of people driven from their homes and neighbourhoods to the outskirts of their cities.

The report follows the journeys of five people from three Romanian cities after they have been forcibly evicted from their homes and their resistance to relocation. The current legislation in Romania falls far short of the international standards adopted by the Romanian Government. In particular, it fails to ensure the right to adequate housing for all its citizens and to prohibit forced evictions. Such relocations often result in further marginalisation and poverty and go against government policies to combat social exclusion of Roma and other vulnerable groups.

It is illegal and unacceptable for local authorities to act in this way. They are ruining lives and rendering Roma inclusion policies useless. Will the Commission call on the Romanian Government to take urgent action to end these violations? Does it agree that the authorities should use their power to ensure that local officials protect, respect and implement housing rights for all and put an end to forced evictions? Does it intend to include provisions establishing an obligation for all executive board members in an entity of a bank to have responsibility as executive board members only for that entity of the bank?

Does the Commission intend to include provisions to strengthen personal accountability and liability for board members? Does it intend to explore how to encourage a return to the partnership model of company management, in particular for investment banking? MEPs and the staff of several European institutions recently discovered that all of the telephone systems within their institutions had been replaced with ultra-modern — and US-manufactured — equipment.

Is it not astonishing that a European institution should purchase US-manufactured equipment? The contract which has been concluded with BT is a framework service contract, which means that requirements are pre-defined. Have the institutions taken steps to ensure the security of this new equipment?

The institutions use public networks for external calls and can rely on the security measures put in place by the network access providers. Was or will be this fact taken into account? Comment la Commission compte-t-elle faire appliquer la directive cadre sur l'eau dans le cadre de ces projets? In , Institution Adour the public body responsible for the Adour Basin announced plans to build new dammed reservoirs in the south-west of France.

How the EU Shapes Civil Society Organizations

The Adour and its tributaries cover large tracts of land which are protected under the Habitats Directive. Artificial lakes will lead to hydraulic inversion withdrawing water in winter and increasing flow in spring , the flow of lower-quality water back into rivers since stored water becomes stagnant and its physical and chemical quality deteriorates , permanent first flush which is unsuitable for maintaining fish populations, disturbances to river bed morphology, and large-scale energy use to carry out refilling operations.

This project does not address any wider public need. Nor is it necessary, since the Adour river basin is already endowed — perhaps excessively so — with around thirty dammed reservoirs. In connection with this project, how does the Commission intend to ensure that the Water Framework Directive is enforced?

The EU actively supports Nepal's election process and has urged the Nepalese authorities and all relevant political actors to participate constructively. The EU has also consistently stressed the need to ensure that the next Constituent Assembly is inclusive.

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The EU will be deploying an Election Observation Mission, which will assess in detail the participation of women in this process. The EU is the lead donor in the election sector and chairs the Election Working Group, which brings together international partners and a number of international non-governmental organisations NGOs specialised in elections.

The EU provides financial support to the process in a number of ways. This project is aimed at supporting the ECN to conduct free, fair, peaceful and inclusive elections. Additionally, there are a number of projects funded through the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights EIDHR instrument, which have also empowered women and other marginalised communities to be aware of their rights.

All these programmes focus very strongly on inclusiveness. These elections have already been postponed twice and there has been a constitutional vacuum in the country for a number of years now. Nepalese women live in a highly patriarchal society, in which most aspects of their lives are shaped by choices made by their menfolk. Some of them suffer an even greater degree of discrimination, and find themselves even more firmly excluded from political life, as victims of both ethnic and gender prejudice. How does the European Union intend to provide support, through the EEAS and in the form of development aid, to ensure that the elections are successful and that the new Constituent Assembly can carry out its work?

The Commission focuses its cooperation with Pakistan funded from the main financing tool, the bilateral allocation, on education, rural development, governance and trade. The end-of-project evaluation also indicated positively that the increased use by women of ante-natal services has allowed for an increase in the detection of early warning signs. Using family planning has reduced the number of unwanted pregnancies.

Through various activities and tools, progress has been made in actively engaging provincial education and health departments in order to move closer to the inclusion of SRH in provincial education curricula for secondary schools, and make the health management system responsive to the SRH needs of young people. Support to the health sector in Pakistan is provided also by several Member States. Health expenditure in Pakistan is well below the average for the region as a whole, particularly compared to countries such as Afghanistan, Iran and India. Such low health expenditure gives rise to fears of unsatisfactory results with regard to achievement of Millennium development objectives, in particular objectives 4 reduction of child mortality and 5 reduction in the maternal death rate.

The World Health Organisation has recorded a renewed increase in infant mortality in and Furthermore, a recent WHO report confirmed by a number of NGOs indicates that access to healthcare is particularly difficult for girls and women who still suffer from gender-based discrimination in a country where, in the absence of health insurance schemes, the health sector remains fragile and riddled with corruption.

Furthermore, medical personnel receive no specific training in treating women who have suffered acts of violence, including domestic violence, which is endemic in Pakistan. What percentage of EU aid for Pakistan is earmarked for improving access to healthcare for the Pakistani people? What is the added value of EU action in this respect? Last Thursday the Commission decided, completely out of the blue, to abolish export subsidies for frozen poultry.

Although this was likely to happen at some point in the not-too-distant future, nobody expected the decision to be taken so abruptly, particularly at a time when negotiations for a free-trade agreement with the USA have just begun and shortly after a profoundly shocking health scandal. The Commission decision therefore sends a very alarming signal, not only to farmers, producers and members of the public throughout Europe, but also to our trading partners.

Why take this decision that threatens jobs in the food production sector — and puts at risk the farms that depend on it — right in the middle of the summer? Our farmers expect Europe to ensure that they can compete with our trading partners on a level playing field. But sadly this is not the first time the Commission has let them down: in February farmers called on me for help after it had decided to cut export refunds for the European poultry sector without properly justifying its decision to the thousands of workers it risked leaving jobless.

Will she include the recommendations in the resolution on what was voted on in the September part-session, which includes measures to strengthen European cooperation in security and defence among those Member States which want it — in accordance with the provisions of the Treaty concerning permanent structured cooperation — in the event of the Member States failing to agree on an ambitious programme?

It highlights that Europe faces rising challenges, within a changing geostrategic context, while the financial crisis is increasingly affecting its security and defence capabilities. The EU needs to protect its interests and promote its values, and it needs to be able to act as a security provider which requires capabilities and a strong industrial base.

Enhancing European defence capabilities through greater European cooperation. Proposals for cooperative projects — developed within the European Defence Agency, include Air-to-Air Refuelling as well as capabilities with both military and civil applications Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems, Satellite communications, and Cyber defence. Other proposals aim at allowing for systematic and longer term cooperation. While there have been initial exploratory discussions in and on the implementation of this instrument, the appetite to move forward remains limited at this stage.

Reinforcing Europe's defence industry, which is a prerequisite for developing and sustaining defence capabilities and securing Europe's strategic autonomy.

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A man convicted of theft and assault and battery has been sentenced to amputation. It can be appealed by the defendant. The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights prohibit torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, including corporal punishment.

Do the European authorities agree that amputation is a cruel punishment which is akin to torture and thus a crime against international law? If so, do you intend to issue an official response, or has such a response already been issued? What measures do you intend to take to encourage the Yemeni authorities to act immediately to abolish this abhorrent punishment? The EU is firmly committed to the absolute prohibition of all forms of ill-treatment and actively seeks to ensure that third countries share this view.

The EU has also implemented a project which has allowed to raise and strengthen awareness about torture and has worked with civil society organisation on rehabilitating the victims of torture. Al riguardo, l'UE ha istituito un quadro strategico per il Corno d'Africa nel novembre , sviluppandone ulteriormente gli aspetti di lotta al terrorismo nell'ambito del piano d'azione dell'UE per la lotta contro il terrorismo nel Corno d'Africa e nello Yemen. Questi due documenti propongono un approccio globale che mira a sostenere la creazione di amministrazioni locali e regionali solide ed eque, favorendo al contempo lo sviluppo tramite un'ampia gamma di azioni attuate e coordinate sia a livello locale sia a livello internazionale.

Propone di raggiungere tale obiettivo elaborando meccanismi e coinvolgendo istituzioni, settore privato e associazioni imprenditoriali della regione nella sensibilizzazione sui costi del riciclaggio del denaro e del finanziamento al terrorismo, sia a livello nazionale che regionale.

L'UE collabora inoltre con le parti interessate internazionali sulle misure volte a contrastare il finanziamento del terrorismo. Esse comprendono azioni che mirano a impedire e scoraggiare che persone partano dall'Europa verso le zone di guerra per fungere da combattenti stranieri e iniziative che offrono assistenza agli Stati membri riguardo alle possibili minacce rappresentate dai rimpatriati. Questi provvedimenti integrano altre iniziative, quali il sistema d'informazione Schengen di seconda generazione.

I servizi di sicurezza e di intelligence degli Stati membri stanno collaborando strettamente tra loro e con i servizi di altri Stati al fine di contrastare i rischi posti da gruppi terroristici stranieri quali Al-Shabaab. Per quanto riguarda l'analisi strategica della situazione in Somalia, il Centro dell'UE di analisi dell'intelligence trasmette regolarmente relazioni analitiche aggiornate al SEAE, al Consiglio e alla Commissione. In seno al Consiglio, il coordinatore antiterrorismo dell'UE si riunisce periodicamente con i capi dei servizi di intelligence stranieri. The importance of tackling the threat posed by Al-Shabab has been highlighted by the terrorist attack against the Westgate mall in Nairobi, which some analysts warn could embolden the group to launch new attacks.

What steps is the Council taking to prevent funding from Europe falling into the hands of members and supporters of Al-Shabab? What steps is the Council prepared to take to prevent EU citizens from travelling to Somalia for the purpose of joining Al-Shabab? What steps is the Council taking to collaborate with intelligence agencies both inside and outside Europe in order to learn how to tackle the threat posed by Al-Shabab?

The EU is committed to supporting the countries of the Horn of Africa and Yemen in reaching peace and prosperity. These two documents propose a comprehensive approach aimed at supporting the building of robust and fair local and regional administrations while fostering development through a wide range of actions implemented and coordinated at both the local and the international level. The main responsibility and capability for CT, and other issues of national security, rests within the Member States. The EU CT Action Plan for the Horn of Africa and Yemen recognises the necessity of raising awareness and strengthening institutional capacities in relation to anti-money laundering and countering terrorist financing.

It proposes to achieve this goal by framing mechanisms and by engaging institutions, private sector and business associations in the region to raise awareness of the costs of money-laundering and terrorism financing, both at national and at regional level. The EU also collaborates with international stakeholders on measures to counter terrorism financing. The EU supports engagement with civil society organisations, including charitable organisations, based in the diaspora which provide assistance to Somalia to ensure that they are aware of the risks of misappropriation of the money flows by terrorist organisations.

Two CT projects address the Horn of Africa under the Instrument for Stability, in particular on terrorist financing and on counter-radicalisation and recruitment. These include actions aiming at preventing and discouraging people departing from Europe to war zones as foreign fighters, and offering assistance to Member States concerning the possible threat posed by returnees. These actions complement other initiatives, such as the Second-Generation Schengen Information System. These steps are part of the EU's wider and coordinated approach to the region.

Success in addressing the jihadi tourism issue is closely linked to the building of stable and democratic institutions, support for efforts by Somali counterparts to reach out to radical groups in Somalia and the promotion of reconciliation and peace. The issue of strengthening local administrations' rule-of-law and justice capacities is crucial, as is support for the Somali security sector. Member States intelligence and security services are cooperating closely with one another as well as with services in other states to counter the risks posed by foreign terrorist groups such as Al-Shabaab.

These meetings contribute to gaining a clearer picture of the threats posed by terrorist groups. What measures do the European authorities intend to take to ensure that prompt, thorough, independent and impartial investigations are carried out into all cases where there are reasonable grounds to believe that drone strikes have resulted in unlawful killings? Do they intend to support actions to bring those responsible for unlawful drone strikes to justice in public, fair trials without recourse to the death penalty? Do they intend to ensure that victims of unlawful drone strikes and family members of victims of unlawful killings have effective access to justice and can seek compensation or other forms of redress?

The report referred to by the Honourable Member raises important questions. Other recent reports include the findings of the UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, Christof Heyns, and the interim report of the UN Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, Ben Emmerson, on the use of remotely piloted aircraft in counter-terrorism operations. The EU stresses that the use of drones has to conform to international law, including the law of armed conflict when applicable.

The international legal framework regarding the use of drones is also addressed in the informal dialogue among EU and US legal advisers. The EU has neither the authority nor the means to conduct investigations into specific cases occurring in third countries such as Pakistan. It does not have the authority or the means to bring individuals to justice or provide compensation or redress for possible victims. Betreft: Het verkrijgen van adresgegevens door kerkelijke organisaties. Dit artikel is in die wet opgenomen bij de totstandkoming in , aangezien het blijkens de Memorie van Toelichting Tweede Kamer, , , nr.

Dit resulteert in de praktijk in de situatie dat persoonsgegevens van mensen, die door een keuze van de ouders op jonge leeftijd zijn gaan behoren tot een kerkgenootschap, de rest van hun leven worden verstrekt aan deze organisaties. Slechts door een ingewikkelde procedure te doorlopen, waarbij bezwaar gemaakt moet worden bij de overheid en men bij de religieuze organisatie tot uitschrijving moet verzoeken zal het registreren van deze gegevens gestaakt worden. Deelt de Commissie dat kerkelijke administraties, waarvoor deze mogelijkheid immers geschapen is, helemaal geen zwaarwegend algemeen belang vormen?

Welke doelstellingen worden volgens de Commissie verwezenlijkt met het verstrekken van persoonsgegevens aan religieuze organisaties? Deelt de Commissie mijn mening dat bovengenoemde praktijk moeilijk te rijmen is met de eisen die genoemde richtlijn stelt aan de verstrekking van persoonsgegevens aan religieuze organisaties? De Commissie is van mening dat kerkbesturen als doelstelling hebben de leden in staat te stellen hun religieuze overtuiging uit te oefenen.

De Commissie begrijpt dat de Nederlandse wetgeving inzake gegevensbescherming volledig van toepassing is d. In practice, this means that people who have joined a church at an early age by decision of their parents have their personal data passed on to these organisations for the rest of their lives. This can only be stopped by means of a complicated procedure, which involves lodging an objection with the authorities and applying to the religious organisation for deregistration.

Does the Commission agree that church administrations, for which this possibility was after all created, do not in the slightest represent important grounds of public interest? If not, why not? What aims does the Commission believe are achieved by passing on data to religious organisations? Does the Commission agree that the above practice is difficult to reconcile with the requirements imposed by the directive with regard to passing on personal data to religious organisations?

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According to Art. The Commission considers that the aim pursued by church administrations is to enable members to exercise their religious belief. The Commission understands that Dutch data protection legislation is fully applicable i. If so, what was the amount of the payment and the quantity of cigarettes involved? Will it seek new approaches to the recovery of the economy of Cyprus, given that all the evidence shows that the decisions that were taken have made the situation much worse than it was originally? To what extent were these adverse developments regarding the Cyprus banking system the result of decisions taken by the Eurogroup?

What can the Council do in order to reverse the current unpleasant situation in Cyprus? Macroeconomic conditions are developing in line with programme projections, although uncertainty remains high. Fiscal consolidation is advancing in line with the agreed consolidation process. Structural reforms are progressing, although in some cases further efforts are required. Progress continues to be made as regards the recapitalisation and restructuring of the financial sector, including a further gradual relaxation of administrative measures.

This would require a credible commitment from the relevant European institutions to provide the necessary capital and liquidity backing, should this be required.

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Such a move would restore confidence much more quickly: it would shore up the banks and enable normal economic conditions to return. Does the Council believe that it would be feasible and beneficial to introduce a state guarantee of all deposits in Cyprus banks, with a view to restoring confidence and reducing the risk of deposit flight if the controls on capital movements were to be lifted?

Would a commitment to provide liquidity backing by the relevant European institutions be possible, should this be required, as recommended in the report? EU citizens are thus being extradited on grounds that are not serious enough to warrant criminal sanctions. Does the Council think it is normal for matters that can be resolved administratively, such as maintenance settlements, to lead to a European arrest warrant being issued, thus making them criminal cases?

What steps does the Council plan to take to apply the principle of proportionality in practice? Has the Council assessed the additional administrative costs incurred by Member States as a result of failures to apply the principle of proportionality? Whilst fully respectful of the sovereign power of the democratically elected parliaments of all Member States to decide which conduct can be liable to criminal sanctions, the Council acknowledges that the practical implementation of the framework Decision on the European arrest warrant has given rise to situations which are viewed by some Member States as problematic in the light of the proportionality principle.

In recommendation 9 of the Final Report, the Council instructed its preparatory bodies to continue discussing the issue of the institution of a proportionality requirement for the issuance of any European arrest warrant with a view to reaching a coherent solution at European Union level. In the follow-up to this report it was highlighted that the fact that numerous EAWs had been issued did not in itself mean that they had been used disproportionately in relation to less serious offences. It should be noted that in all cases where an EAW is issued, a national arrest warrant or a final judicial decision have been issued beforehand.

Some Member States have taken actions to improve their practice as regards use of the European arrest warrant e. In some Member States that have noted the problem of observance of the proportionality principle the number of European arrest warrants issued has decreased accordingly and legislative action has been contemplated.

Lastly, the Council notes that there is a broad consensus among the Member States that the proportionality test should be conducted in the issuing Member State, and not in the executing Member State. Excessively high energy costs are holding back enhanced competitiveness in Greece, creating a hostile environment for many local businesses and potential foreign investors. The corresponding increase in the other Member States was around 0. How does it believe the growth rate forecast by the IMF for the Greek economy in 0. Does it believe that maintaining the operation of productive structures, the economic recovery and the attraction of investment are feasible when the tax burden for goods and raw materials is placing pressure on demand?

Does it believe that it is possible for Greek industry to survive let alone develop with these excessive energy costs which are several times greater than the net cost of energy production? Repayment of government arrears and the faster absorption of EU and EIB funds through the relaunch of major projects are expected to help alleviate liquidity constraints and support investment in , together with the bank recapitalisation process. Exports are also forecast to be a key driver of growth, led by tourism revenues and international shipping.

Energy costs represent an important burden on Greek and European companies.

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One of the aims of the adjustment programme is to address this issue by also opening up the energy markets and making them more competitive. While energy costs play an important role in competitiveness, labour costs, trade policies and environmental obligations also have an effect on it. Combined with structural reforms in the product markets, these cost declines are contributing to declining prices. The completion of the internal energy market and a continued focus on energy efficiency in line with EU legislation will be the most effective way to reduce energy costs and improve competitiveness.

The choice of what, how far and in which sequence public assets or companies should be privatised is the exclusive result of the Cyprus authorities' decision, taking in to account the various constraints they face and objectives they set for themselves. Further information on the privatisation process in Cyprus is available in dedicated sections of the compliance reports published after each review. Wird ein Unterschied zwischen Krankentransporten und Patiententransporten gemacht?

Wenn ja, welche Regelungen gelten jeweils? In diesem Fall findet die Richtliche keine Anwendung auf die erbrachten Leistungen. Will a distinction be made between ambulance services and patient transport services? If so, what rules will apply in each case? According to the proposal for the directive on the award of concession contracts as now agreed between the co-legislators, ambulance services are excluded from its scope provided that they are performed by non-profit organisations or associations.

Therefore, in this case, the directive will not apply to such services. This rule aims at preserving the particular nature of non-profit organisations or associations and should not be extended beyond what is strictly necessary. The same provisions of the directive shall also apply to services the provision of patient transport ambulance services, even if such services are performed by non-profit organisations or associations. These patient transport ambulance services are a specific sub-category of ambulance services, consisting in pure transport of patients by ambulance while the other ambulance services include various services of medical or para-medical nature.

El RRC se basa en el marco de capital de Basilea. In view of the above, what does the Commission think of the possibility that public debt might not be viewed as a risk-free asset in the stress tests? Does the Commission believe that not viewing public debt as a risk-free asset would send a message of credibility to the markets and to investors? Meanwhile the same types of securities in the available-for-sale AFS and held-for-trading portfolios will be marked-to-market, in line with the scenario employed.

Although prudential filters envisaged in the CRR will be respected for the AFS, the impact of the gradual their phasing-out on sovereign exposures will be fully disclosed. In addition, bank holdings of sovereign exposures, and their respective maturities, will also be disclosed in full. Under the applicable capital requirements directives in the European Union in place until the end of the risk charge for sovereign debt denominated in domestic currency is zero.

However, higher capital charges could arise derived from banks using their internal models. In addition, banks could set aside loss provisions for their holdings of government debt. The CRR framework is based on the Basle capital framework. The Commission will closely monitor any initiative in this respect. Grabaciones de este tipo han constituido pruebas fundamentales en recientes procedimientos judiciales, como el recientemente abierto contra los Mossos de Escuadra por el asesinato de un empresario en Barcelona. The Spanish Constitution guarantees the right to peaceful protest without requiring it to be subject to authorisation from any authority.

Recordings of this kind have constituted key evidence in recent court proceedings, such as in the case recently opened against the Catalonian police force Mossos de Escuadra for the murder of a businessman in Barcelona. The Spanish Government is attempting to put a stop to the high numbers of demonstrations occurring in the country by means of dissuasion and invoking a fear of harsh penalties. In a context in which Spain has been condemned by the OSCE, Amnesty International and many other organisations for the repression that the Government is unleashing and the lack of transparency in this regard, this law intends to further limit the fundamental freedoms of the Spanish people.

Does it intend to request information from the Spanish Government to ensure that this draft law complies with the abovementioned Charter? Las recientes medidas legislativas sobre los activos por impuestos diferidos deben apoyar la solvencia del sector bancario con arreglo a las nuevas normas de la UE sobre los requisitos de capital.

The aggregate figure amounted to In the near future the European Central Bank will carry out the Asset Quality Review in order to establish the true state of European banks that will come under its supervision. Is the Commission aware of these default rate calculations in the Spanish banking sector?

Does it believe that these should be taken into account in order to determine the calculation method of the Asset Quality Review? Does the Commission not think that it would be preferable to know the true state of the Spanish banking sector as soon as possible? The Commission follows very closely the development of asset quality and non-performing loans in the Spanish banking sector, as these are important indicators for the solvency and long-term viability of Spanish banks. The recent legislative measures on deferred tax assets should support the solvency of the banking sector under the new EU rules on capital requirements.

Spain needs to continue monitoring closely the operation and stability of the banking sector. Continued in-depth diagnostics of the shock resilience and solvency of the Spanish banking sector remain vital. This is also important in order to ensure a proper preparation of the pending assessment of banks' balance sheets by the ECB and the EBA's stress test in the run up to the start of the Single Supervisory Mechanism. Moreover, the banks and the Spanish authorities need to stand ready to deal with any capital shortfalls that the ECB's comprehensive assessment may reveal. Why is there a discrepancy in the way in which closed fishing seasons are dealt with depending on whether they occur in the Atlantic Ocean or the Mediterranean Sea?

The Commission considers that closed fishing seasons are a useful tool to protect fishery resources e. The States therefore look set to lose even more of their economic and fiscal sovereignty. When will we see an end to this headlong flight towards neoliberalism, which is leading to the break-up of the European Union? Which particular achievement justifies this kind of determination to apply formulas that have so far only been destructive?

Berlin is also proposing a new structure for Europe, and has suggested in its draft that the euro area should be built around the German model. The idea is that each country with the euro should base its economic model on exports rather than on internal demand, as at present, in order to run trade and current account surpluses. Concerning economic developments, the adjustment challenges differ across countries. In many cases the crisis has led to high unemployment and the challenge is now to return to sustainable growth and job creation.

The differentiated strategy is laid out in detail in the Annual Growth Survey and the European Semester. Oggetto: Chiusura di un concessionario di automobili. However, independently of the rights under the directive, the consumer may also have been offered a commercial guarantee voluntarily by the producer. Its conditions and in particular the extent of the trader's commitments depend on the contract of sale, the warranty statement attached and the associated advertising.

The Parent-Subsidiary Directive was initially supposed to prevent same-group companies established in different Member States from being taxed twice when they transfer income from one Member State to another. The legislation has been circumvented, however, and many companies exploit provisions in the directive and mismatches between national tax rules in order to escape taxation completely.

Does the Commission also agree that the anti-abuse provision in the Parent-Subsidiary Directive should be bolstered, i. What is the position concerning specific tax planning arrangements hybrid loan arrangements , for which tax exemptions should be ended? The proposal also introduces in the directive a mandatory anti-abuse provision drafted along the lines of the general anti-avoidance rule laid down in the recommendation on aggressive tax planning COM and adapted to the specifics of the Parent Subsidiary Directive.

The anti-abuse provision will improve the efficiency of measures taken at national level to counteract aggressive tax planning practices under the directive, while enhancing coordinated actions by Member States and ensuring compliance with Treaty Freedoms, as interpreted by the Court of Justice of the European Union.

Just a few days after shareholders at Nokia agreed to its partial buy-out by Microsoft, has the Commission already given its approval — a process which is mandatory in order to finalise the takeover of the Lumia and Asha mobile phone business? According to Reuters, which is usually well informed, the Commission has already given the go-ahead, behind the scenes, without imposing any conditions at all on the buy-out.

In other words, Microsoft is very well placed to become, overnight, one of the world's largest mobile manufacturers. Nokia, albeit diminished as Apple and Samsung have gained ground, nonetheless remains the number two mobile vendor across all categories , even if its smartphone market share has dropped a few notches. Can the Commission confirm that these assertions are entirely correct? The Commission concluded that the transaction did not raise serious doubts in relation to mobile devices because of the limited overlaps between the parties' activities.

The Commission also found that the links between Microsoft's mobile operating systems, mobile applications and enterprise mail server software with Nokia's smart mobile devices did not give rise to serious doubts. Moreover, several strong rivals, such as Samsung and Apple, will continue to compete with the merged entity.

A non-confidential version of the Commission decision will be published early this year. La Commission confirme-t-elle cette perspective? Growth, unemployment rates, investment and consumption — everything was subjected to scrutiny and modelled in order to isolate the effects of austerity from other economic factors. The results gave food for thought. The impact of austerity on unemployment rates is also striking: in France, austerity has caused a 1. Many scenarios predict that Europe will make an overall return to balance in Doesthe Commission agree with these predictions? The same figure was 2.

The job market impact of forced reductions in public spending and the attendant economic slowdown has also been calculated; the models used in the study show that unemployment levels would be 1. Given the discrepancy between the harsh realities experienced by citizens as a direct result of the strict application of budgetary adjustment mechanisms and the new evidence revealed in this study which suggests that these policies should be abandoned, does the Commission intend to reconsider the economic models it has used to date?

Which economic principles are used as a basis for the current models, which decision-making procedures are followed to select these models and who is accountable in the event that this selection process is found to be seriously flawed? As clearly stated, views expressed represent exclusively the positions of the author and do not necessarily correspond to those of the European Commission.

The Commission has always acknowledged that consolidations have negative short term output effects. But highly indebted countries faced critical pressure from financial markets, or in some cases had completely lost access to markets. In such circumstances, a slower pace of consolidation, even if it had been possible, could have had worse consequences.

The paper acknowledges this and states clearly in its conclusions that its findings do not imply that fiscal consolidations should have been avoided p. Fiscal adjustments are needed because of large accumulated imbalances. Delaying fiscal consolidation would not have eliminated the need for adjustment and related economic costs. In its recommendations under the Stability and Growth Pact, the Commission has consistently stressed the need for a differentiated approach to fiscal consolidation, which takes into consideration both the fiscal space and the current economic situation in member states.

The pace of fiscal adjustment across the euro area has taken these factors into account to limit the negative spillover effects associated with simultaneous adjustments. According to the Commission's forecast, the recovery is expected to continue, and to gather further speed in coming years. More than a thousand NGOs have been inspected and dozens have received warnings.

Several of the most prominent human rights groups have been fined, and some forced to close. It has a wide reach, affecting NGOs working on civil, political, social and economic rights, as well as environmental issues and discrimination, including against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex LGBTI people. This has also been stressed by a number of international human rights actors UN Special Rapporteurs, Council of Europe human rights Commissioner.

The EU therefore believes that this legislation should be reviewed with the aim of establishing a clear, coherent and consistent framework in line with applicable international standards, notably in the area of freedom of association. The EU remains concerned with the on-going actions of the authorities against the NGO community in the Russian Federation which restrict its space for action. The European Union conveyed this message in its contacts with the Russian authorities, at all levels of its bilateral relationship as well as in the multilateral context.

La Commission a connaissance des cas d'abus et d'exploitation des travailleurs domestiques migrants en Asie du Sud-Est. The violations recorded include restrictions on freedom of movement, physical and sexual violence, food deprivation and excessively long working hours, which equate to exploitation. From the moment the women sign a contract to work in Hong Kong, they become caught in a vicious cycle of exploitation.

The report highlights the repeated failure by the Hong Kong and Indonesian Governments to protect migrant domestic workers from exploitation. The actions of certain administrations put women at greater risk of abuse. The recruitment and placement agencies are blatantly undermining laws designed to protect migrant domestic workers from abuse.

An almost complete failure by the Hong Kong and Indonesian authorities to act means that women are continuing to be exploited for financial gain. Two thirds of migrant female domestic workers have been victims of physical or psychological violence. The requirement for such workers to live with their employers makes them even more isolated and puts them at greater risk of abuse.

The Commission is aware of the circumstances relating to situations of abuse and exploitation of migrant domestic workers in South East Asia. Under the Development Cooperation Instrument, several projects for protecting vulnerable migrant workers have been supported, e.